Friday, November 25, 2016

Chronology of Temple Endowment Versions & Films

This post is intended to be an informative repository regarding casts used in the Endowment drama, and changes made to the ceremony.  Please feel free to submit any corrections and additional information, and I will incorporate them into the body of this article.

3-4 May 1842 - Joseph Smith, First Nauvoo Endowments

According to Wikipedia:
On May 3, 1842, Joseph Smith prepared the second floor of his Red Brick Store, in Nauvoo, Illinois, to represent “the interior of a temple as circumstances would permit.” The next day, May 4, he introduced the Nauvoo endowment ceremony to nine associates: Associate President and Patriarch to the Church Hyrum Smith (Smith's brother); first counselor in the First Presidency, William Law; three of the Twelve Apostles, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards; Nauvoo stake president, William Marks; two bishops, Newel K. Whitney and George Miller; and a close friend, Judge James Adams of Springfield, Illinois. 
Throughout 1843 and 1844, Smith continued to initiate other men, as well as women, into the endowment ceremony. By the time of his death on June 27, 1844, more than 50 persons had been admitted into the Anointed Quorum, the name by which this group called themselves.
This version of the Endowment was able to be conferred by a single officiator (in this case, Joseph Smith, Jr.), although Joseph stated: “Brother Brigham, this is not arranged perfectly; however we have done the best we could under the circumstances in which we are placed. I wish you to take this matter in hand: organize and systematize all these ceremonies.”

1845-1846 - Brigham Young, Dramatized Nauvoo Endowment

Dec 11, 1845 - The following persons officiating: Orson Hyde as Eloheem, Orson Spencer as Jehovah, George A. Smith as Michael and Wm. W. Phelps as the Serpent.

1877 - Brigham Young, L. John Nuttall, First Written Endowment

Used in the St. George Temple and in the Salt Lake City Endowment House.  Since this was performed live, there wasn't a fixed cast, but here is one recorded example of the cast list:
  • Elohim: Brigham Young
  • Jehovah: Heber C. Kimball
  • Jesus: Daniel H. Wells
(Note, Jesus does not appear as an active character in any of the more recent forms of the drama, only being mentioned in passing.  After a popular book was published in 1914, some Latter-day Saints began to conflate the identity of Jehovah with that of his grandson, Jesus.  David O. McKay, as President of the church, commented on his confusion and surprise in this theological matter.  Later, a hand gesture added to the film in 1990 attempts to enforce this theological recasting of Jehovah into Jesus, and finally, on January 1, 2000, this theological perversion became official doctrine as it was signed by all fifteen apostles, turning Jesus into Michael's Father as well as his Son.)
  • Michael or Adam: W. C. Staines
  • Eve: Miss Eliza R. Snow
  • Lucifer/Satan: W. W. Phelps
  • Apostle Peter: Orson Pratt
  • Apostle James: John Taylor
  • Apostle John: Erastus Snow
  • Washer: Dr. Sprague
  • Clerk: David O. Calder
  • Note that the following five characters were, in subsequent versions of the drama, combined into a single Minister character, until 1990 when they were removed entirely:
  • Timothy Broadbrim, a Quaker: Wilfred Woodruff
  • Deacon Smith, a Methodist: Orson Hyde
  • Parson Peabody, a Presbyterian: Franklin D. Richards
  • Elder Smooth-Tongue, a Baptist: Phineas H. Young
  • Father Boniface, a Catholic: George A. Smith

1893 - Minor Changes Made for Uniformity

In 1904 the Endowment came under scrutiny during the Reed Smoot Hearing and Senate Investigation.

1921-1927 - George F. Richards Revisions under Heber J. Grant

  • Elimination of the Law of Vengeance.
  • Graphical language of penalties was replaced with “rather than do so, I would suffer - my life - to be taken.”

1953: First Film Version - Gordon B. Hinckley under David O. McKay

  • For use in the Swiss Temple with only a single ordinance room.
  • Directed by Harold I. Hansen.
  • Used different casts consisting of various Temple workers for each language.
  • First Year: English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish.
  • Next Year: Samoan, Tahitian, Tongan, and Moari.
  • Filmed upstairs in the Salt Lake Temple.  No sets, no musical score, no special costumes.  This was simply a recorded version of the standard ritual performance.

1966: Second Film Version - Project #100

  • A studio was dedicated by Gordon B. Hinckley for the purpose of this film on 24 April 1966.
  • Director: Unknown
  • Narrator: Glen Shaw
  • Elohim: Unknown (Voice of Elohim: Dan Keeler)
  • Jehovah: Unknown (Voice of Jehovah: Carl Pope)
  • Michael or Adam: Max Mason Brown
  • Eve: Marielen Wadley Christensen
  • Lucifer/Satan: Lael Woodbury
  • Minister: Morris Clinger
  • Apostle Peter: Harold I. Hansen
  • Apostle James: Douglas Clawson
  • Apostle John: Max Golightly

1969: Third Film Version - Project #134

  • This was an effort to condense the presentation to about 90 minutes.
  • The audio from this version of the film is preserved online in a secret tape recording made in 1984.
  • Directed by Wetzel O. Whitaker
  • Narrator: Glen Shaw
  • Elohim: Jesse Stay (Voice of Elohim: Lael Woodbury)
  • Jehovah: Bryce Chamberlain (Voice of Jehovah: Robert Peterson)
  • Michael or Adam: Hank Kester
  • Eve: Luna Tulaunen Rogers
  • Lucifer/Satan: Ron Frederickson
  • Minister: Spencer Palmer
  • Apostle Peter: Gordon Jump
  • Apostle James: Charles Metten
  • Apostle John: R. LeRoi Nelson

197x: Fourth Film Version - Project #198

  • Directed by Wetzel O. Whitaker
  • Narrator: Glen Shaw
  • Elohim: Jesse Stay (Voice of Elohim: Lael Woodbury)
  • Jehovah: Bryce Chamberlain (Voice of Jehovah: unknown)
  • Michael or Adam: James Adamson
  • Eve: Laurel Pugmire
  • Lucifer/Satan: Sterling Van Wagenan
  • Minister: Keith M. Engar
  • Apostle Peter: Craig Costello??
  • Apostle James: Ivan Crosland??
  • Apostle John: Bruce Moffit??

1988/1990: Fifth Film Version - Film A

  • Directed by Peter Johnson
  • This version of the film is preserved online in the form of a secret camera recording.
  • Filmed at LDS Motion Picture Studio in 1988.
  • Released in April 1990.
  • Entirely Eliminated the Penalties associated with the Tokens of the Aaronic and Melchizedek Priesthoods.
  • Altered the sign of the First Token of the Melchizedek Priesthood and the sign of the Second Token of the Melchizedek Priesthood to forms no longer matching what Joseph Smith had instituted.
  • Removed the Five Points of Fellowship at the vail.
  • Eliminated the Minister/Preacher character from the dramatic presentation.
  • Changed the term “popes and priests” to “false priests who oppress and tyrants who destroy.”
  • Various improvements to make the script more inclusive of Eve.  Such as including her name in the phrase “the posterity of Adam and Eve...”
  • Softening of the Law of Obedience for sisters.
  • Narrator: Unknown
  • Elohim: Unknown (Voice of Elohim: Lloyd Newell)
  • Jehovah: Unknown (Voice of Jehovah: Unknown)
  • Michael or Adam: John Moe
  • Eve: Marilee Moe
  • Lucifer/Satan: Michael Ballam
  • Apostle Peter: Craig Costello??
  • Apostle James: Bruce Newbold
  • Apostle John: Bruce Moffit??

1991: Sixth Film Version - Film B

  • Filmed on location in 1990.
  • No recording of this version of the film is currently known to exist.
  • Only difference in previous script is  “fruit this tree” and “fruit of that tree” being swapped due to Lucifer's position on the set in relation to the tree.
  • This film was used in rotation with the Fifth Film Version in order to create variety.
  • This film was temporarily removed from usage, then later re-instituted with some digital changes to replace the face of the actor who portrayed the Apostle John, probably due to complaints from the actor or public attention surrounding the actor which arose over the issue of gay marriage rights.
  • Narrator: Unknown
  • Elohim: Unknown (Voice of Elohim: Unknown)
  • Jehovah: Unknown (Voice of Jehovah: Unknown)
  • Michael or Adam: Unknown
  • Eve: Unknown
  • Lucifer/Satan: Derryl Yeager
  • Apostle Peter: Joseph Paur
  • Apostle James: Ivan Crosland??
  • Apostle John: Fred Hunting (in the original version of this film)
  • Digitally Replaced Face of Apostle John: Unknown

There were changes made to the Initiatory in 2005 but they did not affect the presentation of the Endowment itself.

July 30, 2013: Seventh Film Version - First New Film

  • Length increased by approximately 15 minutes to accomodate eventual translation into several African languages.
  • Script is unchanged from that of the previous two films.
  • Director: Unknown
  • This film replaced the Sixth Film Version, probably due to the attention regarding the actor who originally portrayed the Apostle John in that version.  This film was used together in rotation with the older Fifth Film Version.
  • Narrator: Unknown
  • Elohim: David Nibley
  • Jehovah: Dallyn Vail Bayles
  • Michael or Adam: Jeff Dickamore
  • Eve: Aurora Dickamore
  • Lucifer/Satan: Corbin Allred
  • Apostle Peter: Unknown
  • Apostle James: Unknown
  • Apostle John: Unknown

January 2014: Eighth Film Version - Second New Film

  • Apostle Peter: David Nibley
  • Remainder of Cast Currently Unknown
  • This film remained in rotation for some time with the Seventh Film Version, as well as the much older Fifth Film Version (particularly for foreign languages, since translations of the two new films had not yet been completed.)

July 2014: Ninth Film Version - Third New Film

  • Cast Currently Unknown

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Hebrew Cursive Handwriting

I have been frustrated by the standard Hebrew "cursive" handwriting.  Here's an example I found on the web:




So, I realize it's not my place at all to redesign an alphabet in long-standing use, especially since I'm not Jewish.  But, I can't write in it without feeling like it has nonsensical elements to it.  So, I came up with my own, which brings it just a little closer to the Hebrew square alphabet in some ways...  It doesn't change every letter, just a few.  I apologize that my letters aren't wrapped on the same lines as theirs, and that I don't show the dagesh or rafe forms of variants:


Saturday, November 30, 2013

Title Page and Copyright Page - Notes to Self.

I do some book publishing as a hobby.

These are just notes I've made on how I do Title Pages and Copyright Pages.  I'm not saying they're the way everyone does them, but I need to be consistent in my own works.


Title Page:


TITLE

[A Novel] by (author name)

(location of publishing house)
(name of publishing house)
(year of publication of this edition)


Copyright Page:


Copyright (C) (year of original copyright)
(author name)
(author website)

--

(ordinal) Edition

Published (month) (year)
[First Edition Published (month) (year) - only include if not first edition]
(name of publishing house)
(address of publishing house)
(publishing house website)

All rights reserved.
(fine print legal notices)

Printed (month) (year)
(name of printer)

(ordinal) Edition: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 D (with as many knocked off from the right as needed to indicate the current printing of this edition, D means draft and should be knocked off once the item is for sale commercially.)

Saturday, November 16, 2013

My Mormon Philosophical System

I feel as though in the last 48 hours, my old faith has been resurrected from the dead... albeit, in a new form, and made of a different, purer substance than before.

The Mormonism that was left in my system has fermented over the last few years, and now it is bursting forth in a transformed way.

Am I a Mormon?  I was asked that today.  I answered that Mormonism is no longer a religion to me.  It is a philosophical system.  Today, there are those called Mormons, who are members of the Church headquartered in Salt Lake, but those are roughly divided into three types of people.

The 99...  These are just Protestant Christians, with minor adjustments.

The 1... These are Mormons in the historic sense.  They understand what Brigham Young and Joseph Smith were teaching.  They have faith in it or struggle in an endeavor to have faith in it.  They try sincerely to make it work as a system of theology.  But, they are naive.

Me... I understand what Joseph and Brigham were teaching and I embrace their philosophy, but I also understand what they were doing - or seek to do so.  The grand scheme...  Man on his journey through the eternities, worlds having come and gone before, gods and goddesses, exaltation after exaltation, becoming a Holy Ghost, becoming a Savior, becoming a God/Adam and populating your own world... This is all beautiful but it is not a literal theology, it is beautiful science fiction with deep lessons to it. Perhaps it is illustrative of all theologies.  I do not believe it in the literal sense.   But I prescribe to it now...  I embrace it for the beautiful thing it is.  I want to find more beauty, and to create more beauty.

My new motto, I jestingly toast, "to wives and wisdom!"

There are very few True Mormons in the world.  True Mormons do not believe.  They don't need to.  They know.  They know that it isn't literal.  They know that the Church isn't True.  Not the current Church in any remote sense, for they've thrown away the seeds of the philosophy and clung onto a modified mythology which they attempt to embrace as though it is a faith system like others.

Mormonism teaches us that we are Gods and Goddesses.  We get to be creators, but that doesn't mean populating a new world in the literal sense.  It means we are creators of universes worth of ideas and accomplishments, it means that we can make eternal changes in the course of the future, and that we can attain exaltation of eternal lives in thought and in deed.

Let us return and report our labors of the sixty-two thousand six hundred and fifty fourth day.

Monday, March 29, 2010

Elemental Correspondences

...

ELEMENTFIREWATEREARTHAIR
DirectionSouthWestNorthEast

Babylonian Deity
(S=Ninurta/Ninib)

NergalNabu/NeboMarduk*Ishtar*

Sumerian

????
Deity Attribute
SummerWritingMagic*Fertility*
Roman Deity
(S=Saturn)
MarsMercuryJupiter*Venus*
Norse Deity

Tiw

WodenThor*Freyja*
Day Of WeekTuesdayWednesdayThursday*Friday*
Archangel

Michael

GabrielUrielRaphael
Angel Attribute

Justice

MessengerProphecyHealing
Cherubic FormLionEagleOxMan
Cherubic AttributeCourageSwiftnessPatienceIntelligence
Active/PassiveActivePassivePassiveActive
Fixed Zodiac SignLeoScorpioTaurusAquarius
Cardinal SignAriesCancerCapricornLibra
Mutable SignSagittariusVirgoPiscesGemini
ELEMENTFIREWATEREARTHAIR
Fixed Part of YearSummerFall*Spring*Winter
Cyclic Part of YearSummer (S)Fall (W)Winter (N)Spring (E)
Mother LettersSH שM מ-A א
Human Senses
(Hearing=Spirit)
SightTasteTouchSmell
TensePastFutureInfinitePresent
Part of DayNoonDuskMidnightDawn
LLightLoveLiberty/LawLife
GiftGoldMyrrhBodyIncense
Tarot SuitWands*CupsCoinsSwords*
CreatureSalamandersUndinesGnomesSylphs
ELEMENTFIREWATEREARTHAIR
ColorRedBlueGreenYellow
11111
11111
11111

Monday, November 30, 2009

Table of the Voice of Angels

PChKTsT
FShKhSTh
HwHrHkHLh
BDjGDzD
VZhGhZDth
WR%RrL
MYNg#N

The table of the voice of angels.

The first row: P as in Map, Ch as in Catch, K as in Lack, Ts as in Rats, T as in Art.

The second row: F as in Laugh, Sh as in Fresh, Kh as in Loch, S as in Mass, Th as in Myth.

The third row:  All are as the sound of wind, with no voice.

The fourth row: B as in Drab, Dj as in Large, G as in Morgue, D as in Had.

The fifth row: V as in Crave, Taj, Gh like Kh but vibrating, Z as in Praise, Dth as in Lathe.

The sixth row: W as in Cow, R as in Far, % carries the vowel, Rr like R but trilled, L as in Quell.

The seventh row:  M as in Lamb, Y as in Fray, Ng as in Sing, # stops the voice, and N as in Man.

Friday, November 20, 2009

Agrippa's Magic Squares - Part 2.

The Formation of the Magic Squares

In the previous part, we learned The Sequence of the Planets.

Now, we will apply that knowledge to form the Magic Squares (sometimes called Kameas) and attribute them to the Planets.

A Magic Square is an array of numbers where the sum of each of the columns, rows, and the two diagonals are all the same.  This sum is called the magic constant.

The type of squares we are dealing with are considered "Normal Magic Squares."  This means that each such square of an order N will contain integer values starting from 1 up to N-squared.

This means our Saturn square, being of the order 3, will contain integers from 1 to 9.

Magic Squares were known to Chinese mathematicians as early as 650 B.C.  There is essentially only one possibility for the normal order-3 square, although it can be reflected or rotated in various ways.  To the Chinese this was known as the Lo Shu square.

SATURN (3x3 ... Constant=15)

492
357
816

The Seal of Saturn (at the right, above) is made by connecting the cells with numbers 1-2-3, then 4-5-6 (the diagonal), then 7-8-9, thereby touching every cell in the Magic Square in the order it was created.  The diagonal is drawn a bit too long in the image.  The circles at the end of the line segments are most likely placed there for aesthetic purposes only, and differ between various depictions of the seal.

Agrippa's Magic Squares follow a certain pattern.  All of the squares of an "odd order" are made by placing the "1" on the middle column, one cell down from the center, then walking "southeast" and placing each subsequent number, allowing to wrap from the bottom to the top, and from the right to the left, whenever needed.  If an occupied cell is found, go "south" two squares instead of going southeast, and continue until the square is filled.  The Saturn square shown above agrees with this construction method.  (The diagonal formed by numbers 4, 5, and 6 are the easiest to see, since they neither wrap from side to side nor hit an occupied cell.)

Squares of an "double even order" (in other words, whose order is a multiple of 4) are made by counting from right-to-left, top-to-bottom starting from 1, but only filling in the diagonals (for order-4) of each 4x4 section. Then, repeating the process for the remaining squares, but counting down instead of up.  In other words, taking the black numbers from the following two squares, and combining them:

Order-4 Diagonals:

4321
8765
1211109
16151413

Order-4 Remaining:

13141516
9101112
5678
1234

The seal of Jupiter (above right) shows the method of constructing the 4x4 Square, by indicating the diagonals, and tracing a circle over the remaining cells, thereby touching every cell in the Magic Square.

Now, take the black numbers from both of the above squares, and combine them to get the following Magic Square:

JUPITER (4x4 ... Constant=34)

414151
97612
511108
162313

The following square is generated using the odd-order southeast walking method:

MARS (5x5 ... Constant=65)

11247203
41225816
17513219
101811422
23619215

I am currently uncertain what method was used to construct the following square:

THE SUN (6x6 ... Constant=111)

632334351
7112728830
191416152324
182022211713
25291092612
365334231

The following square is generated using the odd-order southeast walking method:

VENUS (7x7 ... Constant=175)

2247164110354
5234817421129
3062449183612
1331725431937
3814321264420
213983322745
461540934328

The following square is generated using the double-even-order method (I have indicated the lattice-work in bold):

MERCURY (8x8 ... Constant=260)

858595462631
4915145253111056
4123224445191848
3234352928383925
4026273736303133
1747462021434224
955541213515016
642361606757

The following square is generated using the odd-order southeast walking method:

THE MOON (9x9 ... Constant=369)

37782970216213545
63879307122631446
47739803172235515
16488408132642456
57174994173336525
26581850142743466
67275910512437535
36681960115234476
77286920611253445

There you have it!  All seven of our Planetary Magic Squares.

Next up...

The Names and Meanings of the Spirits and Intelligences